Neoregelia Exotica Velvet
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Neoregelia Exotica Velvet
unknown parentage, A.Steens.

But, ARE these plants from Richard and Robyn Neoregelia Exotica Velvet ?
Robyn Firth has pointed out that the plant looks like a Neoregelia, but it has a flower more like a Nidularium.
Robyn : "I got the plant in question from Richard Harper, The Brom Place at Bellbrook in May 07. It just looks like a typical Neo till it flowers. Very small cluster of flower but with bracts. It is a large deep purple with normal neo leaves although they look different in the pups. I have given one pup to David Scott, one to Ian Hook."
It pups prolifically and the pups are dark red to black with twisted leaves.
Is it a bigeneric ? The flower certainly does NOT agree with the fcbs photo or those in Andrew Steen book.
Any information from anyone with this plant would be most welcome.

Richard Harper, The Brom Place.
Robyn Firth, Sydney 05/08.
Robyn Firth, Sydney 05/08.
Ian Hook, Sydney 05/08.
Plant sold on eBay as Exotica Velvet that is nothing like the very dark brown pups of Richard/Robyn's plant or the adults with no red veining. Inflorescence unknown. But it DOES agree with the plant shown in Andrew Steen's "Bromeliads, the connoisseur's guide".
Plant bought by Aileen Robson, Big W Penrith about 2006. Leaves still have some of the original red veins, but largely all dark purplish. Inflorescence more like typical Neoregelia.

Ian Hook, 12/09. Pup from plant bought by Sharon Song from eBay. Agrees in all respects with registered plant. (Thanks Shaz).

From Derek Butcher to Richard Harper:
"Something odd is happening here and I ask that you get your fingers dirty by butchering an inflorescence. First remove the flower head. It does not matter if it has finished flowering and is a bit mushy. Remove a flower from the outside moving in. If it is a Neoregelia then you get one floral bract per flower. If behind the first bract you find a fascicle of flowers then think Nidularium. Think of a fascicle as being like your hand with each finger being a flower. When you have done this right through to the centre of the inflorescence, let me know the results.! Tissue culture does some extraordinary things. As far as I am concerned a Neoregelia was registered!"

From Richard Harper to Ian Hook
"Hi Ian, these plants came in from Exotica nursery.
I have to agree though, upon flowering they did seem to me and J Koning to be a bi-genic.
The flower head seems to sit up slightly with bracts coming around and cupping the flower head. All flowering specimens have shown the same traight.
Uncle Derek has email detailed instructions to dissect the flower head, will let you know the results."

From Richard Harper:
"Hi everyone, dissected a number of flower heads and photographed. I think it is a neoregelia.
Photo's attached - Neoregelia - Nidularium - Nidregelia - Exotica Velvet, and a group Shot."

Exotica Velvet
Dissections by Richard Harper.

From Derek Butcher to Richard Harper:
"It was great to know that you only found one bract per flower and had an absorbing time butchering a few plants of different genera. I said on the phone that a possible candidate for one of the parents or part of a parent was Neo princeps. See the enclosed and see how different the floral bracts are from the 'normal' Neoregelia!
PS I didn't want to confuse at this stage that some Neoregelias have compound flowers too! They are rare and rarely used by hybridists!"

Group photo, Richard Harper.
Neo princeps sketch from Derek Butcher

From Andrew Steens to all.
"Hi Guys. Thanks for including me in the discussion. Here are a few points here that might be of interest.

Neoregelia 'Exotica Velvet' is most definitely a Neoregelia and we've grown many thousands of them without much variation apart from the amount of maroon striping in the leaves, which can vary from pinstripes to full maroon colouring across the leaf. The FCBS and book photos are fairly typical of the cultivar.

The first photo by Richard harper is also typical of the cv, just taken at an earlier stage in the flowering process than the photo on fcbs. Whether this is indicative of N. princeps in the parentage I couldn't say, but its' quite possible. I'm not sure whether the other flowering photos on that page are the same thing at a slightly different stage or whether the following explanation is more applicable.

We've grown the majority of our plants from tissue culture, but increasing numbers are now coming from pup. One reason for producing more from pup is that the demand is gradually dropping as so many have been sold in NZ (possibly 6-7,000) and other growers are also growing this cultivar now. The other reason though is that as the culture in the lab gets older, you progressively get more and more mutations and to avoid this it is best to start again with a fresh culture. As Derek says, you can get some "extraordinary things" from tissue culture. Most of these are of no value and should be culled, but some are really interesting and/or of significant commercial value.

This is another possible explanation for what you have, ie a mutation that has caused some of the flower parts to be altered into other forms, eg petals into sepals, sepals into bracts etc. This does happen naturally in some bromeliads. A good example is Aechmea apocalyptica, which sometimes develops leaves instead of flowers and sepals. It can even produce a full size plant on top of the flower stem instead of an inflorescence. With most broms this is a temporary aberration probably caused by climatic effects. However, in your case I would guess that the mutation is permanent as a result of mutation in tissue culture. You'll know one way or the other when the next generation flowers.
For more info on the science behind some of this check out for an introduction. I hope I haven't caused more confusion than before!"

Updated 13/12/09